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Big Year 2014

1. Isabekov Askar (342)
2. Dyakin Gennadiy (231)
3. Nukusbekov Malik (204)
4. Kalashnikov Miphail (202)
5. Katuncev Alexandr (189)

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classification
Gaviiformes
Gaviidae
Podicipediformes
Podicipedidae
Pelecaniformes
Pelecanidae
Phalacrocoracidae
Ciconiiformes
Ardeidae
Threskiornithidae
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Phoenicopteridae
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Paradoxornithidae
Aegithalidae
Remizidae
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Sittidae
Certhiidae
Ploceidae
Fringillidae
Emberizidae

basic information


Passer domesticus (Linnaeus,1758)

House Sparrow
Домовый воробей
Үй торғайы

male

female

juvenile

2007-08-27
Temirtau, Karaganda oblast
© Isabekov Askar

Description

The House Sparrow is well known bird. The male has the dark-grey dark mottled crown and the dark-grey rump. The uppertail is olive-grey. The mantle is chestnut-brown with black longitudinal strips. The lores and under-eye strip are black. Behind the eyes and on the flanks of the head there are the broad chestnut bands connected on the neck. The cheeks are grey or dirty-white; the chin, throat, craw and top of the breast are black. The underparts are light-grey with the dark cores on the undertail. The lesser wing coverts are chestnut; median coverts are dark-brown with white tips; the greater coverts are blackish-brown with the broad clay-color edges. The flight feathers are dark-brownish with brown-clayey edges. The tail feathers are brownish with the narrow light edges. The bill is black, legs are dark-brown, and claws are black or dark-brown. The female is similar on female of Indian Sparrow but darker and dimmer. The bill is dark-brownish lighting to the base of the lower mandible. After the molting both male and female have brownish and buffy edges of the feathers. Juveniles are similar on female but have more brownish olive tinged color. The crown, wings and tail are slightly lighter. The bill is light-brownish. Weight 25,5-37,7 grams, wings 70-81, tail 45-62 mm.

Distribution

The House Sparrow breeds on most part of Kazakhstan, in the south to Mangyshlak (Tuschibek settlement), Aralsk and Shymkent. In mountains it distributes in the wake to the human settlements up to 1750 m in Altai and 2100 m in Tien Shan (two females observed 27 May on Kosmostantsia, 3300 m). Seasonal movements at Chokpak Pass apparently have local character.

Biology

The House Sparow is common resident. It inhabits the human settlements, both large and small, and sometimes the clay precipices, raptor nests near villages; on plains and mountains up to 1750-2100 m. It breeds in separate pairs, not far from each other, or in loose colonies. The nest is built in the various cavities of human constructions, clay precipices, between the twigs or in the holes of the trees, in the raptor nest; from the thin twigs, dry grass and straw (sometimes green wormwood used too); and is lined with the plenty of feathers. Both male and female build the nest for 2-9 days. Clutches of 3-8, usually 5-6 eggs is in mid-April – July, both parent incubate for 11-12 days, and feed juveniles, which fledge at 11-14 days old, in early May – end August. So long breeding period is explained than the House Sparrow breeds up to three times per year. The repeated breeding after the losing of nest is common. On non-breeding time it lives in flocks up to several dozen birds, together with Tree Sparrow often. Sometimes it hybridises with the Indian Sparrow (Passer indicus). Some birds migrate on short distance, such individuals caught at Chokpak Pass regularly.

Subspecies

Passer domesticus domesticus (Linnaeus,1758)

Passer (domesticus) indicus (Jardine et Selby, 1831)

References

Э.И.Гаврилов. "Фауна и распространение птиц Казахстана". Алматы, 1999. Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005. "Птицы Казахстана" том 5. "Наука". Алма-Ата, 1974.

supplement
subspesies

Passer domesticus domesticus
(Linnaeus,1758)
Passer (domesticus) indicus
(Jardine et Selby, 1831)


hybrids

Passer (domesticus x montanus)


synonyms

Passer domesticus pagorum
(Brehm,1831)
Passer domesticus rustica
(Brehm, 1831)
Passer domesticus rufesens
(Studer et Burg, 1915)
Passer domesticus pulcher
(Studer et Burg, 1915)
Passer domesticus semiretschiensis
(Zarydny et Kudashev, 1916)
Passer domesticus sibiricus
(Chachlov, 1928)
Passer domesticus baicalicus
(Keve, 1943)
Passer domesticus tauricus
(Portenko.1960)


birding tours

Bird Tour. The Gem of Central Asia.

"The Gem of Central Asia"

10-day Bird Tour
Departures:
May 2nd, 2014
May 12th, 2014
May 22nd, 2014

Bird Tour. Korgalzhyn State Reserve.

"Korgalzhyn State Reserve"

Extension 3-day tour
Departures:
May 12th, 2014
May 22nd, 2014
June 01st, 2014

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