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Common Kingfisher

Alcedo atthis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Зимородок обыкновенный | Зымыран
male

2011-04-24
Almaty, Airport lake area
© Farhat Bakiev

Distribution

Breeds on reservoirs of eastern and south-eastern Kazakhstan, in west up to Pavlodar, Semipalatinsk, Karaganda and Kzyl-Orda, and also in middle and probably lower reaches of Ural. Common on Tentek river and on western shore of Alakol lake. On migration occurs everywhere both on plains and in mountains (Markakol lake, 1450 m).

Biology

Common, in places rare breeding migrant. Inhabits river valleys, fishy drift streams, ponds and lakes with clay precipices. On migration occurs on all waters. In spring appears in April – mid-May singly or by pairs, last migrants recorded in end of May – early June. Breeds by separate pairs not close one from another. Nest is located in hole depth to 3 m in clay precipices; hole finishes by the nesting chamber without lining (later there is a layer of eructated fish bones). Both partners excavate hole, incubate clutch for about 20 days and then feed juveniles. Clutch of 4-8 eggs is laid in end of May to mid-July. Fledglings (23-24 days old) recorded in mid-July to mid-August. Probably rears two broods per season. Autumn migration begins in September. Latest birds recorded in early-mid October.

Subspecies

Alcedo atthis atthis (Linnaeus, 1758)

References

Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005. Э.И.Гаврилов. "Фауна и распространение птиц Казахстана". Алматы, 1999. "Жизнь Животных" том 5. Птицы. Москва. "Просвещение", 1970. В.К.Рябицев. "Птицы Урала, Приуралья и Западной Сибири". Екатеринбург. Изд-во Уральского университета, 2000.

supplement

subspecies

Alcedo atthis atthis
(Linnaeus, 1758)

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Alcedinidae

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