basic information

European Bee-eater

Merops apiaster (Linnaeus, 1758)

Золотистая щурка | Сарыалқым аражегіш

Talgar, Almaty oblast
© Nurlan Kalchinov


Breeds mostly in southern half of Kazakhstan, in north to lower reaches of Ilek river and Aktau mountains, Naurzum, Uly-Zhilanchik, southern coast of Balkhash lake, Semipalatinsk, Berezovka and Narym villages . Dispersal birds were observed 28 August 1958 near Zharkol lake, to south of Ishim river and 23 May 1978 in Kurgaldzhino. On migration occurs in south from breeding range.


Common breeding migrant. Inhabits the open plain or hilly landscapes with soil or clay precipices; the river valleys and shores of lakes, especially near villages and towns. Appears in second half of April – mid-May in flocks of 10-70 birds. At Chokpak Pass latest migrants recorded in end of May. Breeds in colonies numbering from few to 30-40 pairs, by singly pair very rare. Nest is located in precipice hole depth of 1-2 m, excavated by both partners for 10-15 days; hole is finished by nest chamber without any lining. Later there is a layer of eructated the chitinous covering of insects. Clutch of 4-7 eggs is laid in end of May – June. Both parents incubate for about 20 days and then feed juveniles, which fledge at age about a month, in end July to first half of August. As soon as juveniles fledge the birds begin to disperse, and gather on wires along the roads and especially near apiaries. Intensive autumn migration is in first half of September, by flocks (adults and juveniles together) of several dozen up to 100-150 birds. Latest birds recorded in end of October.


Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005. Э.И.Гаврилов. "Фауна и распространение птиц Казахстана". Алматы, 1999. "Жизнь Животных" том 5. Птицы. Москва. "Просвещение", 1970. В.К.Рябицев. "Птицы Урала, Приуралья и Западной Сибири". Екатеринбург. Изд-во Уральского университета, 2000.


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Big Year 2018

supported by

1. Askar Isabekov (134)
2. Boris Gubin (112)
3. Alexandr Belyaev (84)
4. Alexandr Katuncev (71)
5. Anna Yasko (67)


unidentified birds


Сергей Л. Волков: Анна, действительно, бывают и бекасы с таким исподом крыла. У нас бекасы довольно редки, и у наблюдал только светлый испод. Теперь буду знать.Я


Сергей Силантьев: Даже визуальное сравнение с большим крохалем на снимке говорит о том, что птица не маленькая...Кряква.


Ясько Анна: На мой взгляд, пропорции у этих двух птиц одинаковые. Сидящая птица также по пропорциям на канюка не похожа (маленькая голова).Кстати, вот

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