Ozerny gorge, Ile Alatau National Park
© Ilya Ukolov
Breeds in coniferous forest of Northern Tien Shan, to east from Zailiyskiy Alatau, and in Dzhungarskiy Alatau. On autumn-winter dispersal sometimes occurs in deciduous forests, reaching Almaty (in winter 1971/1972 observed in Botanical garden).
Common resident. Inhabits the mountain spruce forests above 1500 m, on autumn-winter rare dispersal occurs in foothills. Breeds in separate pairs (which are permanent during several years) at distance 150-200 m from each other. Pairs are formed in winter. Nest is located in tree hole or stub hole (bored by both partners for at least three weeks) at height 0.6-10 m above ground, rarely in woodpecker-bored holes, natural holes or nest-boxes; nest is built from moss, bast and dry grass and is lined with plenty of hair and feathers, for one-two weeks. Clutch of 4-6 eggs is laid in mid-May to mid-June. Only female incubates clutch for 13-15 days, male brings her the food. Both parents feed juveniles which fledge at age 20-22 days old, in end June to mid-July. Broods observed up to early August. In autumn – winter Songar Tits live in small groups or in pairs.
|Parus songarus songarus (Severtzov, 1873)|
"Птицы Казахстана" том 4. "Наука". Алма-Ата, 1972. Э.И.Гаврилов. "Фауна и распространение птиц Казахстана". Алматы, 1999. Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005.
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1. Belyaev Alexandr (264)
2. Isabekov Askar (260)
3. Gubin Boris (227)
4. Dyakin Gennadiy (217)
5. Yasko Anna (170)
6. Katuncev Alexandr (158)
7. Vorobyov Vladimir (146)
8. Malkov Yuriy (137)
9. Nukusbekov Malik (132)
10. Andrussenko Konstantin (123)