Syrdaria river near Bairkum bridge. South Kazakhstan oblast.
© Andrey Kovalenko
Lives in deserts and foothills of southern parts of Kazakhstan. Please see detailed distribution in the section Subspecies.
Common resident. Inhabits saxaul, deciduous and riparian forests, groves and shelterbelts in plains and in foothills at altitudes up to 1200-1500 m. On dispersal occurs also in juniper forests (to 1800 m). Pairs are formed since mid-February. Breeds in separate pairs, often close one to another. Nest is located in tree hole (natural or bored by Woodpecker); nest is built from thin twigs, dry grass and leaves and is lined mainly by hair and feathers. Clutch of 4-8 eggs is laid in end of April to June. Both parents feed juveniles which fledge in end of May to early August. Rears two broods per season; re-nesting after loss of first clutch is common. During dispersion in autumn–winter time occurs singly or in small groups of 5-10 bird.
|Parus bokharensis bokharensis (Lichtenstein, 1823)|
Description. The lightest and smallest race. On upper parts bluish tinge is well developed. Male wing 64.5-70.0, female 62.0-66.5 mm. Male bill 7.6-9.0, female 7.4-9.0 mm.
|Parus bokharensis ferghanensis (Buturlin, 1912)|
Description. Upper parts are darker, more grey-bluish, less pure-bluish; general size is bigger than in bokharensis. Male wing 67.0-75.4, female 65.0-72.2 mm. Male bill 8.3-9.2, female 8.0-9.4 mm.
|Parus bokharensis turkestanicus (Zarudny et Loudon, 1905)|
Description. Upper parts are darker than in bokharensis, but lighter than in ferghanensis. Bill is larger and more massive than in other races. Male wing 68.2-73.5, female 68.2-70.7 mm. Male bill 8.6-9.6, female 8.8-10.0 mm.
"Птицы Казахстана" том 4. "Наука". Алма-Ата, 1972. Э.И.Гаврилов. "Фауна и распространение птиц Казахстана". Алматы, 1999. Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005.
go to family:
1. Isabekov Askar (256)
2. Belyaev Alexandr (251)
3. Gubin Boris (226)
4. Dyakin Gennadiy (212)
5. Yasko Anna (168)
6. Katuncev Alexandr (137)
7. Vorobyov Vladimir (137)
8. Nukusbekov Malik (131)
9. Malkov Yuriy (130)
10. Andrussenko Konstantin (122)