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basic information

Common Rosefinch

Carpodacus erythrinus (Pallas, 1770)

Обыкновенная чечевица | Кәдімгі құралай
male

2013-07-14
Kastek Gorge, Almaty region
© Vassiliy Fedorenko

Distribution

In Kazakhstan breeds everywhere in steppe-forests zone, and in mountain forests of Tien Shan, Altai and Kazakh Upland. Please see detailed distribution in Subspecies section.

Biology

Common breeding migrant. Inhabits the bush thickets, forest edges, light forests, pine-birch forests with bush undergrowth on plains. In mountains lives from the deciduous forest belt to juniper belt (at 2000-2800 m in Western Tien Shan, 1300-2750 m in Zailiyskiy Alatau, and from foothills up to 2200 m in Altai), prefers the places nearby the water. On migration occurs in reed-beds, bushes, shelterbelts, gardens, and in the thickets of tall weeds near cereal fields. Arrives in the end of April – early May in southern regions and in early – mid-May in northern ones. In foothills of Western Tien Shan the intensive flight in flocks of 10-20 (rare 100-200) birds occurs in May when the elm seeds are available to feed (but in autumn migrates through the mountain mostly). Latest spring migrants recorded in early – mid-June, sometimes in late June. On breeding places appears in end of May – early June. Breeds in separate pairs at distance 15-60 m from each other. Only female builds (male escorts her) the nest for 3-4 days in bush (honeysuckle, dogrose, barberry, lilac, elder) or in tree (spruce, fir, birch, elm, apple and maple) at height 0.5-4 m above the ground; nest is built from the thin twigs and dry grass and is lined with rootlets and hair. Clutch of 3-5 eggs is laid in mid-June to end of July. Only female incubates clutch for 13-14 days. Both parents feed juveniles which fledge at age 13-17 days old. Rears one brood per season. Autumn migration begins in late July – early August, in eastern Kazakhstan Common Rosefinches fly mainly through mountains. At Chokpak Pass the morning mass flight recorded once only, in August 30-31, 1992, when 829 Rosefinches were ringed. In northern areas disappears in end of September, but in southern ones the latest birds were recorded in October 20, 1968 and in November 10, 1964.

Subspecies

Carpodacus erythrinus erythrinus (Pallas, 1770)

    Description. At male red on mantle is less developed; red on throat and breast, and pink on belly and flanks are lighter, than in other races.
    Distribution. Breeds in northern Kazakhstan from middle current of Ural valley eastward to Kalbinskiy Altai and Altai, in south to Kurgaldzhino Reserve and Kazakh upland. On migration it is met everywhere.

Carpodacus erythrinus grebnitzkii (Stejneger, 1885)

    Description. At male red on mantle, throat and breast, and pink on belly and flanks are darker than in erythrinus, but lighter than in ferghanensis. From other races it differs by thicker and massive bill.
    Distribution. In Kazakhstan may be observed on seasonal migration.

Carpodacus erythrinus ferghanensis (Kozlova, 1939)

    Description. At male red on mantle, throat and breast, and pink on belly and flanks are more intensive and more bright, than in other races.
    Distribution. Breeding and also occurs on migration in Tien Shan, Dzhungarskiy Alatau, Tarbagatay and Saur, excluding Karatau and other low spurs.

References

Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005. Э.И.Гаврилов. "Фауна и распространение птиц Казахстана". Алматы, 1999. В.К.Рябицев. "Птицы Урала, Приуралья и Западной Сибири". Екатеринбург. Издательство Уральского университета, 2000.

supplement

subspecies

Carpodacus erythrinus erythrinus
(Pallas, 1770)
information gallery
Carpodacus erythrinus grebnitzkii
(Stejneger, 1885)
information gallery
Carpodacus erythrinus ferghanensis
(Kozlova, 1939)
information gallery

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Fringillidae

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unidentified birds


2017-10-15

Анна Ясько: Похож, только тот взрослый (и все же непонятно у него с цевками, неужели все же оперенные?). Может это та пара начудила? Шучу, но вдруг?

2017-09-21

Олег Белялов: Да, Анна, в этом случае нельзя и зелёную исключать. Иногда светлая полоса едва различима, а очень ярко смотрится видимо только у первогодков.
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2017-09-13

Аскар Исабеков: Мне кажется, что молодых птиц (а это же молодая, судя по чешуе на спине) лучше определять по взрослым особям, поскольку большинство признаков
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