search

basic information
video

Variable Wheatear

Oenanthe picata (Blyth, 1847)

Черная каменка | Қара тасшымшық
male opistholeuca

2016-06-04
Darbazasay, Southern Kazakhstan region
© Vassiliy Fedorenko

Distribution

Breeds in Kazakhstan only on extreme south, in Pistelitau and at Darbaza station near Tashkent. Vagrants recorded 10 August 1892 on Mangyshlak at Aktau (Zarudnyy, 1896), 11 July 1881 in upper course of Chingirlau river (Zarudnyy, 1888) and 5 July 1888 in Grebenskiye Mts. (Zarudnyy, 1897). A pair recorded on Ustyurd at end April 2003 (Karyakin et al., 2004).

Biology

Very rare breeding migrant. Inhabits dry desert mountains, and clayey soil and conglomerate precipices near rivers, clay house ruins. In spring arrives in March probably. Nest is built in rock cracks, precipice cavities, in old Rock Nuthatch nest from dry grass lined with shrub or grass bast and sometimes with hair and feathers. When in rock, small stones are placed under front of nest (its weight 193 g in one case). Probably only female builds it. Clutches of 4-8 eggs found in April – mid-June. Female incubates for 12 days. Both parents feed juveniles, which fledge at 13-14 days old. Probably two broods. Autumn migration begins early, latest birds recorded in early September.

References

Рябицев В. К., Ковшарь А. Ф., Ковшарь В. А., Березовиков Н. Н. «Полевой определитель птиц Казахстана», Алматы, 2014. "Птицы Казахстана" том 3, "Наука", Алма-Ата, 1970. Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005.

supplement

go to family:

Turdidae

in other projects

Birds of Xinjiang

information gallery
Indian Birds Club

information gallery
Birds of Northern Eurasia

information gallery

Big Year 2018

supported by

1. Belyaev Alexandr (224)
2. Isabekov Askar (219)
3. Gubin Boris (207)
4. Dyakin Gennadiy (162)
5. Yasko Anna (156)
6. Katuncev Alexandr (131)
7. Vorobyov Vladimir (123)
8. Andrussenko Konstantin (120)
9. Muravskiy Vladimir (116)
10. Malkov Yuriy (112)

more...

unidentified birds


2018-05-25

Анна Ясько: Николай, предположим, что я ошибаюсь, и тут злую шутку сыграл ракурс и цветовые недостатки фото, поэтому мне может казаться, что глаз слишком
[....]

2018-05-25

Василий Федоренко: Воротники, действительно, работают только для взрослых птиц. В этом можно убедиться, полистав в сети фотографии тех и других.Тоже был за сипов
[....]

2018-05-25

no any comments:

more unidentified birds...